CILICIA


CILICIA
CILICIA
regio Asiae minoris notissima, inter Pamphyliam ad Occasum, Syriam ad Ortum, ac inter Taurum montem ad Boream, a Cappadocia separantem, et pelagus Cilicium ad Meridiem contenta. Caramam et Caramania propria vulgo, non Turcomania, ut scribit Ortelius. Alias Caramania late sumpta complectitur Ciliciam, Pamphyliam, Pisidiam et partem meridionalem Cappadociae. Baudrand. Hic Hama seu Hamsa, quae olim Tarsus, Pauli natalibus inclita, Seleme, Pompeiopolis, ad Issicum sinum Golfo d'Aiazzo, vide Ptol. l. 5. Mercat. Atl. Bellonium, l. 2. Cilicia crocô maxime abundat. Lucret. l. 2. v. 416.
Et cum scena croco Cilici perfusa recens est.
Ovid. in Ibin, v. 199.
Nam neque quot flores Siculâ nascantur in Hyblâ,
Quotve ferat dicam terra Cilissa crocos.
Propert. l. 4. El. 6 v. 74.
Terque lavet nostras spica Cilissa comas.
Plin. l. 21. c. 6. Prima nobilitas est incroco Cilicio in Coryco monte, etc.
Stat. l. 3. Sylv. 3. v. 34.
----- Tu largus Eoa
Germina, tu messes Cilicumque Arabumque super bis
Merge rogis. -----
Huius incolae dicti sunt, Cilices, quos piraticam exercentes, Pompeius devicit, victosque in deditionem accepit, eorumque postea fideli operâ usus est in bellis navalibus adversus Caesarem. Lucanus, l. 3. v. 228.
Itque Cilix iusiâ non iam pirata carinâ.
Λόγος ἐςτὶ παλαιὸς (inquit quidam) μὴ ραδίως ἀληθεύειν τοὺς Κίλικας. Hinc illud:
Κρῆτες, Καππάδοκες, Κίλικες τρία Κάππα κάκιςτα
Chalab, Ciliciam ab Ebraeis nominari auctor est Arias Montanus: Incolas eius prius Achaeos appellatos scribit ex Herodoto Stephanus. Strabo, l. 14. Ciliciam dividit in Campestrem et Tracheam, i. e. asperam. Nomen eius quod attinet, videtur id primo et praecipue a Phoenicibus inditum Ciliciae asperae parti; neque enim a fabuloso Cilice nomen sumptum, sed a Challekim vel Challukim, i. e. lapidibus, quia lapidosa regio est. Sil. l. 13. v. 882.
Hinc Cilicis Tauri saxosa cacumina vitet.
Nonnus Dionys. l. 34.
Αὐχένα πτρήεντα Κίλιξ δοχμώσατο Ταῦρος.
Fuit opulentissima Populi romani provincia et Cicerone proconsule memorabilis; postmodum ab Antonio Triumviro Regulos impetravit, quorum primus erat Polemon, quem vide. Tandem vero iterum in provinciam redacta, a Vespasiano, Sueton, in eo, c. 8. Inclinante Imperiô Orientali a Saracenis occupata, hisque iterum fere tota erepta est a Nicephoro Phoca, A. C. 966. Olim vero Solinus auctor est, adeo potentem fuisle, ut ad Pelusium osque procurrerit, Lydis, Medis, Armeniis, Pamphyliâ et Cappadociâ sub imperio constitutis. Κιλίκιοι ςτρατηγοὶ dicebantur homines hirsuti, et pilis obsiti, unde Tibull. l. 1. El. 7. v. 11.
Frigidus intonsos Taurus arat Cilicas.
Vide Hesych. Nic. Lloydius. Hodie tota Cicilia sub Turcis est.
Urbes Ciliciae, hodie exstantes:
* Adana. Auazarba, et us. Anemurium. Antiochia super Trago, vel Crago. Augusta. * Caesatea, penes Anazarbum, Sedes Satrapae. Celenderis. Corycus. Diocaesarea. Domitiopolis. Elavias et flaviopolis. * Issus. Lamus. Mallus. Mopsuestia. Nicopolis. Olbasa. Philadelphia. Pompeiopolis seu Soli. Sebaste. Seleucia aspera. Selinus. Tarsus. Thebe.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

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